Pemahaman Identitas Moral dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pengambilan Keputusan Etis bagi Para Peserta Didik Pendidikan Agama Kristen

Penulis

  • Amos Winarto Oei Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Aletheia, Lawang, Jawa Timur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33550/sd.v3i1.30

Abstrak

ABSTRACT: This article examines whether appealing to learners moral identity makes a significant contribution to their ethical decision making. Moral identity theory and experiment in moral psychology will be used as a source to be reckoned with in improving ethical decision making. This is to avoid excessive emphasis on emotions, environment and knowledge of the rules which did have an impact on one's ethical decision making. The approach used in this article is the quantitative approach. The result showed that the understanding of moral identity can act as an element to boost the ability of ethical decision making. This suggests that religious education which appeals to the learners moral identity can help them to make better ethical decision when complementing the emotional, the environment and the rule-based knowledge approaches. Thus, it is expected that the learners can have good moral character in the future. This moral identity appeal should be widely adopted as a common practice in religious education class. KEYWORDS: moral identity, ethical decision, understanding, cognitive development, religious education.


Unduhan

Data unduhan belum tersedia.

Referensi

L. Kohlberg, “Stage and sequence: The cognitive developmental approach to socialization,” dalam A. Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969).

J. R. Rest, D. Narvaez, M. Bebeau, dan S. Thoma, “A neo-Kohlbergian approach: The DIT and schema theory,” Educational Psychology Review, 11, 4 (1999):291-324.

A. Blasi, "Moral cognition and moral action: A theoretical perspective," Developmental Review, 3 (1983):178-210.

M.L. Hoffman, Empathy and moral development: Implications for caring and justice (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

R. Bergman, “Identity as motivation: Toward a theory of the moral self,” dalam D. K. Lapsley & D. Narvaez (Eds.), Moral development, self, and identity (Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum , 2004):21-46.

L.J. Walker, “Gus in the gap: Bridging the judgment-action gap in moral functioning,” dalam D. K. Lapsley & D. Narvaez (Eds.), Moral development, self, and identity (Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2004).

N. Eisenberg, Altruistic emotion, cognition, and behavior (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1986).

J. Haidt, “The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment,” Psychological Review, 108, 4(2001).

Bryce Huebner, Susan Dwyer, dan Marc Hauser, “The role of emotion in moral psychology,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 1 (2009).

J.W. Maddock, “Morality and individual development: a basis for value education,” The Family Coordinator, 21 (1972).

Plato, Republic, trans. F. M.Cornford (New York: Oxford University Press, 1966).

W. M. Kurtines & J.L. Gewirtz (Eds.), Morality, moral behavior, and moral development (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1984).

A. Blasi, "Moral character: A psychological approach," dalam D. K. Lapsley & F. C. Power (Eds.), Character psychology and character education: (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005).

D. Hart, “The development of moral identity” dalam G. Carlo & C. P. Edwards (Eds.), Nebraska symposium on motivation: Moral development through the lifespan: Theory, research, and application, vol.51 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005).

J.F. Kihlstrom dan S.B. Klein, “The self as a knowledge structure,” dalam R. S. Wyer, Jr.,& T. K. Srull (Eds.), Handbook of social cognition (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc, 1994).

K. Aquino dan A. Reed, “The self-importance of moral identity,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 6 (2002).

E.H. Erikson, Insight and Responsibility (New York: Norton, 1964).

D. Hart, R. Atkins dan D. Ford, “Urban American as a context for the development of moral identity in adolescence,” Journal of Social Issues, 54 (1998).

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R & D (Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta, 2006).

Suharsimi Arikunto, Metodologi penelitian (Yogyakarta: Bina Aksara, 2006).

K. Aquino, A. Reed, S. Thau dan D. Freeman, “A grotesque and dark beauty: How moral identity and mechanisms of moral disengagement influence cognitive and emotional reactions to war,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 3 (2007).

Saifuddin Azwar, Metode Penelitian, cetakan ke-7 (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar, 2007).

A. Blasi, "The development of identity: Some implications for moral functioning," dalam G. G. Noam dan T. E. Wren (Eds.), The moral self (Cambridge, MA: MIT, 1993).

Aquino, A. Reed, S. Thau dan D. Freeman, “A grotesque and dark beauty.”Melissa Bateson, Daniel Nettle dan Gilbert Roberts, “Cues of being watched enhance cooperation in a real-world setting,” Biology letters 2, 3 (2006).

K.D. Butterfield, L.K. TrevinËœo dan G.R. Weaver, “Moral awareness in business organizations: Influences of issue-related and social context factors,” Human Relations, 53, 7 (2000).

J.R. Detert, L.K. TrevinËœo dan V.L. Sweitzer, “Moral disengagement in ethical decision making: A study of antecedents and outcomes,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 2 (2008).

R.R. Sims dan E.L. Felton, Jr., “Designing and delivering business ethics teaching and learning,” Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 3(2006).

P. Maclagan, “Conflicting obligations, moral dilemmas and the development of judgement through business ethics education,” Business Ethics: A European review, 21, 2 (2012).

B.A Ritter, “Can business ethics be trained? A study of the ethical decision-making process in business students,” Journal of Business Ethics, 68, 2 (2006).

A.R. Oddo, "A framework for teaching business ethics," Journal of Business Ethics, 16, 3 (1997).

M. Crossan, D. Mazutis dan G. Seijts, “In search of virtue: The role of virtues, values and character strengths in ethical decision making,” Journal of Business Ethics, 113, 4 (2012).

E.M. Hartman, “The role of character in business ethics,” Business Ethics Quarterly, 8, 3 (2009).

T.M. Jones, W. Felps, dan G.A. Bigley, “Ethical theory and stakeholder-related decisions: The role of stakeholder culture,” Academy of Management Review, 32, 1 (2007).

C.D. Schmidt, K.M. Davidson dan C. Adkins, “Applying what works: A case for deliberate psychological education in undergraduate business ethics,” Journal of Education for Business, 88, 3 (2013).

Diterbitkan

2017-10-24

Cara Mengutip

Oei, A. W. (2017). Pemahaman Identitas Moral dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pengambilan Keputusan Etis bagi Para Peserta Didik Pendidikan Agama Kristen. Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama Dan Masyarakat, 3(1), 55. https://doi.org/10.33550/sd.v3i1.30